Adam Mizner recently appeared on the taiji scene, predominantly via a few well-placed videos and links to websites containing minimal information other than video film. The films seemed to focus on push hands skills where his ‘opponent’ was bounced across the floor, often violently with what seemed to be minimal touch or force. By contrast one clip showed a quiet, internal and deeply connected hand form routine, which, for me, showed more of his taiji skill than the dynamic push hands demos.
Maybe we could start by you telling us how you got into this business?
When I was a teenager I, like many other teenagers, went down the wrong path and I needed something to straighten out my life and I happened to choose kung fu. My kung fu teacher at that time said to do tai chi, so I did, and we went from there.
So your purpose for getting into kung fu, did it have something to do with the potential of gaining a sense of discipline?
That’s right, it was for discipline and character development.
What age were you then?
I was 16.
That was pretty astute at 16 to realize that maybe you could develop your character?
Well I went the wrong way hard enough to get a little bit of an awakening.
Can you talk a little bit about the teacher and why you chose him?
He was the best martial artist in my state.
What was it you trained in and how did it fit with your expectations of what you were looking for?
It absolutely did. It was a very hard-core external kung fu system, with a lot of torturing of the mind and body to basically make a man of you. It taught you how to discipline yourself which was exactly what I wanted.
Were you learning forms then or were you learning martial arts primarily?
Forms and applications, primarily applications, with a lot of emphasis on fighting skills.
With respect to discipline and character development was the fighting complemented with meditation or something of that nature?
Not at the school but I started doing mediation within the first month of attending.
Okay, so whilst that background may have been interesting at the age of 16 it doesn’t make it special or link us to where you are now, so what was the journey you went through to attain the skills you have now?
I trained in that style for four years or so and then I dedicated myself fully to the study of tai chi and continued to study hard.
Where were you living then?
In Australia, on the Gold Coast.
Were there a lot of tai chi teachers around there then?
No, no. What actually got me fully into tai chi was a video of Master Huang. That convinced me that it was an art I wanted to study in depth.
What was it you saw in the video that stimulated your interest?
Naturally the effortless power caught my attention in a big way. I had seen and felt some amazing things in my previous training but this was truly another level. My qigong teacher at the time showed me the video and could demonstrate this effortless power enough for me to know it was not just a trick for the camera. Besides the skill shown a huge thing for me was seeing an old man throwing around a bunch of young guys, and laughing having a great time. There was a happiness and joy I had not seen before in senior martial artists.
How often were you training?
At least a few hours every day, training before and after work, training as much as possible.
Can you elaborate on exactly what you were doing in the training?
In the early years I spent most of my training balanced between sitting meditation and song gong exercises. Other than that I spent a lot of time on very basic form movements and fixed partner exercises, basically aimed at learning how to be song under pressure and how to receive force.
How has what you trained in, in these early days, affected where you are now and how has where you are now changed from these early concepts you had about tai chi?
Totally different in the internal engine, the way I move is not related at all. There is no gong fu left in my body, but it taught me how to train. What I do now is totally different but my years in that school taught me how eat bitter, how to put the work in and not just float around.
So it gave you a sense of the need to work hard to achieve what you wanted to learn. Did you then move to other teachers to change your perspective of what you were doing?
I met other people who were training in tai chi and through them I met other teachers, which led me to further investigation, specifically into Master Huang’s method. As the years went on I met other teachers from other Yang style traditions and kept searching and learning as much as possible.
There are a number of branches from Master Huang and given that most people’s awareness of this system nowadays stems from watching YouTube videos, where he seems to be bouncing people around with the lightest of touches, you must have high expectations from students. How do you deal with those and how do you feel about those who infer compliance from those bounced in the videos?
I travel around and teach in many places, because of this I get to touch hundreds of new people, many of whom have doubts and/or expectations. I am not concerned with these things. When we touch people know, they can feel it, and then doubt disappears. I have some strong critics and doubters, not one single one of them has ever touched me. Of all the people that have come to meet me, or to learn at a workshop or class, not one of them has any doubt left in their mind. Because there are many people I can only see once or twice a year in a workshop situation, and because most people simply don’t have any access to genuine taijiquan instruction, I have after much persuasion from my students designed and released an online training program. The discovertaiji.com program gives students the tools to develop their own skills step by step and thus alleviate all doubt for themselves.
As for the compliance issue; I find it silly, only all-out fighting with no rules has zero compliance. Most civilized people don’t want to engage in that activity. There is more to learning tai chi that learning how to hurt people.
The thing that you’ve come here with is the push hands aspect, which is your main thing now and seems to be what you’re focusing on. However whilst this aspect of your work is very clear and very interesting, what got me (from watching your video) was the quality of your form. Often if there is a strong emphasis on one aspect the other part may be less but I was really taken with your form and that was where I could really see that you had something.
It’s all in the form as they say but it’s only all in the form if it’s all in the form. If you do empty form then there’s nothing in your form. If you’ve got all the stuff going on then it’s all in the form. The form is incredibly important. We balance the training probably 50/50.
At workshops people may not do the same system so we don’t work on form.
So the pushing hands aspect is embedded in the foundation that we train in the form?
Absolutely. The way we cultivate the (ji bin gong?) the basic body skills, the form and all the exercises is all in accordance with the way we push hands and the way we fight. They’re all harmony. We don’t do the form one way, and apply another way.
How would you train the form? There are many ways in which people train with tai chi but I get the sense, and I haven’t worked with you, that you do a lot of training in structural work, a lot of attention to where the weight is and that kind of focus?
The first thing we do is train to open the body, so that the joints are mobile and the body is ‘sung’, as well as standing work to sink the qi, that’s our first doorway.
With the opening of the body, are you doing exercises specifically for that?
Yes, we do stretches and joint-opening exercises and ‘sung-gong’ exercises to change the body so that it can become ‘sung’ and you can sink the qi to the dantien and then to the feet. Then you’re capable of attempting to do tai chi form. If your body is not open then you can’t sink the qi, even if you’re doing the form it is not tai chi chuan.
Once we have the basics and the body capable of doing tai chi then we work on the specifics of the form; namely the structure, the coordination, working on the body as well as the ‘sung’, the qi movement at a later stage then how to produce internal power.
I’m assuming that there will be an almost organic weed-out process about who continues to work with you? What I often see is that people want to be able to perform a form and they see that as the end result and because of this their form is nothing.
I usually don’t attract those people in the first place and if I do then they only last one lesson. The work is quite bitter and if they really don’t work for the result of internal gong fu then they’ll leave very quickly.
People come to taiji for all kinds of reasons, often with greatly varied notions of what they think it is. What, in your opinion is the real purpose of the art of tai chi chuan?
The original purpose of tai chi chuan really depends on what story you believe. That said it is a fact that the art transmitted by the Yang family is designed for fighting. It is my personal view that correct tai chi training will fulfill three aspects of training. Only when we are getting results in fighting skills, in the health and vitality of the body and also the peace and cultivation of the mind do I consider it to be embodying the essence of the art. Students often come for one or more of these reasons, the same training routine provides results in all three areas.
Where is the starting point for the work you do on push hands?
We start them very early on. Not in the first few lessons but once they have some ‘sung’, some body shape then we start pushing hands very early. I want them to have an idea of purpose.
At this early stage are you using the work of push hands to help them to learn the structure of the form?
We do structural testing and things like that so that the push hands informs the form at basic level, otherwise it’s hard to self-correct. If something looks correct and feels correct it doesn’t mean that it is correct. It’s important to have feedback in your training all the time and partner-work is that feedback.
Have you found, over the time that you’ve been working, that certain behavioral patterns are coming from people that won’t work that immediately shift out, then you’re very quickly then getting to an open vessel that really begins to understand the root that can grow and help them to develop, rather than bringing all the history of the things that impede them.
The way we train is completely and utterly based on letting go, on releasing tension mentally and physically and the process of letting go can be very bitter. If people don’t have their heart set on letting go then they’re not going to hang around. From the very beginning people understand that everything we do is letting go, letting go all the time. We developed this quality in the way we run the class, the way we train, and it’s all about letting go. Any kind of ego or holding on to things you’ve kept from the past, it doesn’t work.
When you say letting go, to what extent? I’ve worked with partners who do nothing other than yield and relax their bodies, even to the extent of getting pushed off their feet. Whilst I agree that the key to everything is letting go, surely it has to be based on internal structure and also the notion of returning the force?
Yes this is a common error, I would say they are not letting go at all. I call this kind of relaxation a hidden kind of holding. When one finds true song/letting go then it is easy to maintain correct structure. The combination of song, sinking the qi and correct structure will lead to the development of peng jin, then collapsing will not be a problem.
Have you, or any of your students participated in competition push hands? Is that an interest?
No, it’s not of personal interest to me, I kind of think it’s a paradox. To me it’s just a training exercise. It’s a little bit like a boxer entering a skipping competition. I think competition is fine but it should be fighting. If you want to compete you should fight. Pushing hands is a training tool for martial arts, not an end game.
I agree wholeheartedly. The problem with a lot of people’s pushing hands is that they see it as a competition and it isn’t, it’s a training exercise, end of story.
So let’s explore the training aspects, what is there to learn from pushing hands?
In my process, and the way we train in my system, is really about changing the body and changing the mind to create what I like to call the ‘tai chi creature’. You’re changing what you are; not just learning a skill set but also in changing the mind and body and then whatever you do is tai chi chuan. The process of doing this is firstly in opening the body. Second is sinking the qi. Thirdly is mobilising or moving the qi, inside the body, to create the different powers and skills. All of the training work, be it form, push hands or martial applications is geared directly towards manifesting that qi in the mind and body. That’s all we do, everything is about that. We don’t do anything just to build a skill or trick, it’s all about changing the way you move, how you do things.quote
All martial artists kick, punch and throw, we all have limbs and a torso but how that happens is what makes the internal internal and the external external. It’s the how that matters, not simply the what.
When you talk about sinking the qi and manifesting the qi can you give an indication of what you mean by this concept of qi?
And there is the golden question. In the Chinese martial arts world there is a clear divide between the qi believers and the physicalists who think there is no such thing as qi and that it is all woo woo. People often try to translate the word qi as energy, life-force, electromagnetic energy, pressure and so on. I dont consider this productive. Every single person I have ever met who can produce the high level skills of taijiquan has used the traditional jargon of the art, Shen, Yi and qi are the fundamental “substances” we use in the cultivation of taijiquan skills. it is best just to leave these terms in the original Chinese and pass on the transmission as it was passed on to us. The traditional way generates the traditional results. If i was forced to translate the word qi as it is used in taijiquan I would say that it is a “process” a word used to point directly at a very specific process that is very hard to explain yet can be known directly by those ready to accept the traditional paradigm and put in the work.
So what is going on with the changes that can happen through this work? If I get you right we’re talking about a lot more than just physical change and the end result is a lot more than just the physical result?
You’re changing your mind, your personality, your conduct, it changes who you are. That’s exactly what I mean by mind and body change into something. Because you’re training ‘letting go’ first by itself ‘sung’ and then, more importantly under stress when somebody puts pressure on you. First it’s cooperative pressure, and then non-cooperative pressures all the way violent pressure. If you can relax, let go and release under pressure it changes who you are at a fundamental level and this is the true benefit of tai chi. Being able to bounce people across the room is great fun but it can’t compare with being at peace.
That being said, we accept that push hands is a bridge between hand form and san shou or free-fighting, do you also train fighters and how would your system stand up against other martial arts practice, either in the fuller tai chi systems or other martial arts?
Yes pushing hands is a bridge into fighting skills, it is much more closely related than most people think. Yes I train people to fight, the ones who are interested. It is rare to find someone with the right talent and disposition at a young enough age to train to fight professionally. It is something of interest to me. How does my training system stand up against other taiji training systems? Best to ask any of the many people who attend my seminars, many of them have been teaching for as long as I have been alive. As for fighting against other styles or on the street, so far it has served me very very well. I have complete confidence in the methods, but it always comes down to the student and their desire to put the real work in.
An interview by Ronnie Robinson with Adam Mizner